Ensembl Genomes release 16

The Ensembl Genomes Project is pleased to announce release 16 of Ensembl Genomes.

In this release, new species include Hordeum vulgare (barley), Solanum tuberosum (potato) and Musa acuminata (banana) in Ensembl Plants; and Nasonia vitripennis (the jewel wasp) and Anopheles darlingi (Central and South American malaria mosquito) in Ensembl Metazoa. Improvements on the wheat assembly and the ability to highlight annotations in gene trees have also been released.

Barley is among the world’s earliest domesticated crop species, is the fourth most abundant cereal worldwide and is a traditional model for plant genetic research. It has a large diploid genome of about 5.1Gb in size. A draft genome sequence containing the majority of barley genes and integrated with the physical map has been recently published in Nature. The genome is now available in Ensembl Plants.

We have improved the alignment of a draft wheat assembly to Brachypodium distachyon and updated our presentation of wheat homoeologous SNPs using the Brachypodium reference.

Significant milestones of this release are:

* Ensembl Genomes displays the inferred evolutionary history of gene families in gene trees. Branches sharing specific annotation terms can now be highlighted indicating the evolution of gene function (view example) .

* Ensembl Plants updates:

* Ensembl Metazoa updates:

* Ensembl Fungi updates:

* Ensembl Protists updates:

  • repeat features added for Albugo laibachii,
  • protein features updated for all species.

* Update of pan homology comparative genomics database to include latest versions of genomes from Ensembl and Ensembl Genomes

* Updated BioMarts

* Software migration to Ensembl 69

The Ensembl Genomes Team