Ensembl 90 is scheduled for August 2017 and it’s set to be our biggest release ever in terms of new genome annotation. Here’s what you can look forward to:

New assemblies, gene sets and annotations

  • Annotation of 15 rodent genomes, including three updates to old genomes:
    • Brazilian guinea pig
    • Chinese hamster
    • Damara mole rat
    • Degu
    • Golden Hamster
    • Guinea Pig (update)
    • Kangaroo rat (update)
    • Lesser Egyptian jerboa
    • Long-tailed chinchilla
    • Naked mole-rat – we have two different assemblies for naked mole-rat so you can keep working with your preferred genome
    • Northern American deer mouse
    • Prairie vole
    • Squirrel (update)
    • Upper Galilee mountains blind mole rat
  • Bringing in annotation of the well-used rodent cell-line, Chinese Hamster Ovary, and two mouse species, Ryukyu mouse and Shrew mouse.
  • Annotation on the latest Pig genome assembly, Sscrofa11.1
  • Updating the Human gene set to GENCODE 27.
  • Updating the Mouse gene set to GENCODE M15.
  • Adding transcript models from RNA-seq to the gene database and pri-miRNAs to the otherfeatures database in Zebrafish.

Other updates and highlights

  • Updating our human variation database with:
    • COSMIC 81 somatic variants
    • HGMD 2016.4
    • dbSNP 150
    • DGVa structural variants
    • TopMed in GRCh37
    • Phenotypes from NHGRI-EBI GWAS, OMIM, ClinVar, UniProt, Cosmic Gene Census, DDG2P, MIM Morbid and Orphanet
  • In other species we also have variation updates as follows:
    • DGVa in Cow, Dog and Mouse
    • Phenotype updates from relevant databases in Cat, Chicken, Chimpanzee, Cow, Dog, Horse, Macaque, Mouse, Pig, Rat, Sheep, Turkey and Zebrafish
  • Updating our microarray probe mappings in:
    • C.intestinalis
    • Caenorhabditis elegans
    • Chicken
    • Chimpanzee
    • Cow
    • Dog
    • Fruitfly
    • Human
    • Macaque
    • Mouse
    • Mouse 129S1/SvImJ
    • Mouse A/J
    • Mouse AKR/J
    • Mouse BALB/cJ
    • Mouse C3H/HeJ
    • Mouse C57BL/6NJ
    • Mouse CAST/EiJ
    • Mouse CBA/J
    • Mouse DBA/2J
    • Mouse FVB/NJ
    • Mouse LP/J
    • Mouse NOD/ShiLtJ
    • Mouse NZO/HlLtJ
    • Mouse PWK/PhJ
    • Mouse SPRET/EiJ
    • Mouse WSB/EiJ
    • Pig
    • Platypus
    • Rabbit
    • Rat
    • Saccharomyces cerevisiae
    • Xenopus
    • Zebrafish

For more details on the declared intentions, please visit our Ensembl admin site. Please note that these are intentions and are not guaranteed to make it into the release.

This is the first of our monthly posts introducing a member of the Ensembl team, and what they do in Ensembl. We’ll start with Emily Perry, who runs our Outreach team.

What is your job in Ensembl?

I’m in charge of the Outreach team. There are four of us, including me, and we’re essentially the contact point between all the scientists who use Ensembl and the developers who produce it. We work on things like online help and documentation, delivering training courses, social media, user-testing our new tools and displays, and answering questions via our email helpdesk. We’re always busy, and often have a half-empty office as someone is off delivering a training course somewhere around the world.

What do you enjoy about your job?

I’m one of those strange people who thrive when they have an audience, so I really love the teaching and presenting side of what I do. I’m also fascinated by the data that we have and love learning more about it and what people are using it for. I’m a biologist by trade, not a bioinformatician, but I’ve picked up a bit of coding as part of this job and one of the things I find most satisfying is fixing bugs in people’s code for them, without asking for help from our developers. I’ve also travelled to some amazing places to deliver workshops that I would never otherwise have gone to, such as Malawi, Colombia and South Korea, where I can really feel that I’m benefitting scientific progress.

What are you currently working on?

In Outreach we’re always dipping out of lots of projects, as well as all the reactive jobs we need to do like answering help emails or social media. A few of the things I have ongoing at the moment are looking into the documentation on the site, running a seven-week webinar course and preparing a conceptual course on genetic variation for the EBI’s Train Online platform.

What is your typical day?

Ha, there isn’t one. That’s one of the things I love about this job.

How did you end up here?

As I said, I’m a biologist. I studied genetics at undergrad, then went on to do a PhD in molecular biology. I knew about halfway through that I wanted out of the lab, so pursued a lot of science communication opportunities, both in person and written, as I went on, which led me to working for a year delivering science roadshows in secondary schools. This combination of communication skills and scientific expertise qualified me to start working as an Outreach Officer in Ensembl in 2012, then in 2015 I was promoted to lead the team.

What surprised you most about Ensembl when you started working here?

I had used Ensembl during my PhD, and I remember thinking that I knew what it was all about. Within a few days I was overwhelmed with just how much data and how many different types of data are in Ensembl. Turns out that my PhD work had barely scratched the surface of what was there. I hear the same thing all the time when I teach workshops: people who think they know all Ensembl has to offer (often the host of the course who was planning to just hide at the back and do other work during the course) tell me how surprised they are at all the useful things that are available.

What is the coolest tool or data type in Ensembl that you think everybody should know about?

I worked on chromatin for my PhD so my favourite data type is the regulatory build. I would have killed for those data back when I was a researcher. It’s just so useful having all the promoters, enhancers, CTCF binding sites (I love a bit of CTCF) and everything mapped onto the genome with its activity in different cell types. And I find the way that they just trained a computer to recognise patterns and assign functions from ChIP-seq data just amazing.

Following the success of last year’s course, we’re pleased to announce a second Free Ensembl Webinar Course.

This course allows you to learn about Ensembl for free from the comfort of your own office (or bed, no-one’s judging you), with the ability to interact live with the instructors. Perfect for those who can’t attend or host one of our live courses.

What is it?

The Ensembl online training series comprises a series of live webinars, once a week over seven weeks. Each webinar explores a specific aspect of Ensembl data or tools with a presentation and a demonstration – see the online course for details. You can then practice what you’ve learnt over the following week with online exercises.

Not all of the topics will be useful to you, so you can dip in and out of the webinars. If life gets in the way and you miss one you are keen on, we will post the videos to our YouTube channel and YouKu for those of you in China and embed them in the online course so that you can catch up.

What makes it special is that the course is fully interactive. If you attend the live webinars, you will have an opportunity to ask the instructors questions in real time. Afterwards, while you work on the exercises, you can interact with the instructors and other participants via our dedicated Facebook group. If you prefer not to use Facebook, you can also email us for help. Plus, you’ll be able to re-watch all or part of the videos at your leisure.

When is it?

We start on the 6th April, and will hold seven webinars on Thursday mornings, up until the 18th May. The live webinars will take place at 9 am BST (GMT+1), but if you are unable to attend live, the videos will be posted shortly afterwards. Since last year’s course was held in the afternoons, good for our American friends, we’re hoping that this morning course will be easier to access for anyone in Asia or Oceania.

After the live course finishes, we will leave the full course of recordings and exercises online, so that you can take it independently whenever you choose.

69.7% are very likely to recommend this course, 30.3% are likely to.

Is it any good?

We think so, but don’t take our word for it. Here’s what the attendees from last year had to say:

“Thank you. I really appreciate having access to this course. I’ve learned a lot.”

“Thank you so much for organising this. I really enjoyed!”

“Thank you; the course is very useful. I´m very happy”

How do I sign up?

You can visit the course pages to see what’s going on without signing up. If you want to attend the webinars live, you will need to sign up (or sign up here from China), but there’s no charge for doing so. You may also wish to join the Facebook group.

We think the Ensembl workshops that we offer are a brilliant way to familiarise yourself, and other people in your research institute, with Ensembl data and tools. Don’t take our word for it, over 99% of the people who attended our workshops in the first six months of 2016 would recommend them to a colleague.

Pie chart of who would recommend Ensembl workshops.

68% of participants say they are “Very Likely” to recommend our workshops, while 31% say they are “Likely” to.

So if you (and your colleagues) want to get training on Ensembl, the best option is to join the over 50 institutes a year who benefit from hosting an Ensembl browser workshop, training over 1000 people. Send us an email to find out more.

We appreciate, however, that that’s not an option for everybody. Although we do not charge fees for workshops, we ask our hosts to pick up the tab for all expenses incurred, such as travel, accommodation and subsistence. While we do our best to alleviate these costs, such as tagging together overseas workshops in a series, you may still not have the spare budget for this or may want to host workshop to a different timetable than we can support.

In this case, if you are an experienced Ensembl-user, you may consider teaching an Ensembl workshop of your own. We’d like to help. We want everybody learning about Ensembl to receive the most extensive and up-to-date training possible, and we believe that the second best way to do this (after having us do it) is with our support.

How can I teach a workshop?

All our workshops are hands-on, usually in a computer teaching room, although we can work with people bringing laptops (provided suitable WiFi and somewhere to charge them through the course). We recommend a similar set-up.

Our general style for a workshop is that we split it into modules. The modules we usually offer are:

  • Introduction to Ensembl and the Region view
  • Genes and transcripts in Ensembl
  • Data export with BioMart
  • Genetic variation data in Ensembl, including annotating your own variants with the VEP.
  • Comparative genomics: homologues and whole genome alignments.
  • The Ensembl Regulatory Build: finding features that regulate genes.
  • Advanced access to Ensembl data and viewing custom data in Ensembl

Within each module, there are three elements:

  1. Presentation, where we introduce what the data or tool is and where it comes from.
  2. Demonstration, where we have a hands-on walkthrough of finding that data or using that tool. We give out printed booklets containing screenshots that take participants through these walkthroughs. This provides a suitable place to make extra notes, and gives participants something to take away and use later. Some participants choose to join in with the walkthroughs, while others just make notes while we go through it on the screen.
  3. Exercises, where participants can practice using Ensembl to find information. These exercises build on what we do in the demonstration. During the exercises, we circulate the room, ready to answer any question that might come up. We also provide answer sheets (usually electronic only) that guide the participants on how to get the answers and what they are.

We find that combining these three elements gives the participants all the information they need, and provides a holistic learning experience that appeals to different kinds of learning style. We think this is why we consistently get such excellent feedback from our course participants.

You can see an example of a course that follows this structure, with the full set of modules, each with three elements, in our webinar course that we held in Spring 2016. You’re free to harvest the presentations (embedded as pdfs), demonstrations and exercises from that course for your own teaching, although under our Creative Commons BY licence, you need to credit us with their creation.

While we would usually have the workshop as one intensive day of learning, the flexibility of being in your home institute might mean that you prefer to have a module a day over a number of days or or one a week.

Where do I get the materials from?

As well as the webinar course I already mentioned, we have a page of walkthroughs and exercises. We use these ourselves in workshop creation, copying and pasting them together to make our courses.

We like to tailor our courses to match our participants’ interests, so will try to use exercises and walkthroughs that feature the species they’re working with. This is why our exercise page has many similar exercises and walkthroughs with different species. We recommend finding suitable exercises and demos to match your group’s interests and skills. You can also copy the process and style of an existing walkthrough or exercise for an example in a new species of interest.

Because we only update these exercises and walkthroughs when we use them, they can get out-of-date. The “Updated” column on the tables shows you for which Ensembl or Ensembl Genomes release they were last updated. If the exercise or walkthrough you’re looking at is not from the current release (check the release news section of this blog to see what’s current – note the different release numbers for Ensembl and Ensembl Genomes), then you might want to check the content to see if it needs editing at all.

If you do any updates, or make any new exercises, we’d love to hear about it. Email us your new material and we’ll add it to the page for other people to use (and maybe steal it for ourselves too).

For presentations (in pdf) and to see how a whole workshop might fit together, all of the Outreach team post their course materials online for use during and after the courses. You can see the materials from on our training pages.

Remember, if you use any of our materials, do credit us with their creation, as they are distributed under a CC BY licence.

What about website downtime?

Website downtime can be a disaster for a workshop, leaving you floundering with no way to teach. However, downtime is also an occasional necessity when we are running such a huge website and database. If you are planning on running a workshop, we recommend you get in touch to ask if there is any planned downtime. You can usually get around downtime by using one of our mirror sites, but we can advise you on this.

Similarly, if we put out a new release in the days between your preparation and workshop delivery, it can make some of your materials out-of-date. This can be a valuable lesson for your participants in how bioinformatic databases can change, or you can run the workshop from the previous archive site instead.

A release on the day of your workshop means both downtime and changes in the data. If we know you’re having a workshop, we’ll make sure that the archive site from the previous release is up and working before we take the main site down, so that you have something to work with, and you can keep using that even once the new site is up.

Need more help?

The Outreach team are here to support you. Just send us an email if you want practical support on how best to run a workshop, if you have any background questions on our data or tools, or indeed with any other questions or problems you might have with Ensembl.

UPDATE: Postponed until further notice

We are postponing this maintenance until the beginning of November for technical reasons. Specific dates will be released as they are finalised.


Due to essential maintenance, the Ensembl helpdesk email will be shut down for approximately 48 hours, beginning at 9 am (BST) on 24th October. Any emails sent during this time will be held in a queue, and we will respond to them when the system is up and running again, although there may be some delay. You will not receive any confirmation of your email, as this is automatically generated by the system.

You can also post queries to the Ensembl dev list and BioStars (please add “Ensembl” as a tag).

We will update you when the system is back.

We apologise for any inconvenience this may cause.

Do you want to learn more about the Ensembl browser? Are you unable to host or attend an in-person Ensembl workshop? Do you still want to learn in real-time with instructors on hand to help you out?

The new Ensembl online training series might be for you.

What is it?

The Ensembl online training series consists of a series of live webinars, once a week over seven weeks. In each webinar you will learn about a specific aspect of Ensembl data or tools – see the online course for details. You will then have access to exercises so that you can practice what you’ve learnt.

You can dip in and out of webinars, taking only those that interest you. If you miss one, we will post the videos to our YouTube channel and embed them in the online course so that you can catch up.

What makes it special is that the course is fully interactive. If you attend the live webinars, you will have an opportunity to ask the instructors questions in real time. Afterwards, while you work on the exercises, you can interact with the instructors and other participants via our dedicated Facebook group. If you prefer not to use Facebook, you can also email us for help. Plus, you’ll be able to re-watch all or part of the videos at your leisure.

When is it?

We start on the 24th March, and will hold seven webinars on Thursday afternoons, up until the 5th May. The live webinars will take place at 4 pm British time (GMT before 27th March, BST after 27th March), but if you are unable to attend live, the videos will be posted shortly afterwards.

After the live course finishes, we will leave the full course of recordings and exercises online, so that you can take it independently whenever you choose.

How do I sign up?

You can visit the course pages to see what’s going on without signing up. If you want to attend the webinars live, you will need to sign up, but there’s no charge for doing so. You may also wish to join the Facebook group.

My recent trip to Malawi as part of a Wellcome Trust Open Door Workshop has really reminded me how privileged I really am. I’m an Outreach Officer, which means that I have the privilege to travel out to institutes around the world to deliver free Ensembl workshops. Most of the time, these workshops are in Europe or the US, at fancy research institutes and universities, and it’s an awesome privilege to facilitate research at these institutes.

An even greater privilege is to be involved in the Open Door Workshops on Working with the Human Genome Sequence, organised by Wellcome Trust Advanced Courses, which head out to more developing countries to teach. They’re called ‘Open Door’ because all the resources we teach in them are free and open on the web, which means anyone, anywhere, with nothing but an internet connection can do it. I teach the Ensembl section of the course, but we also cover other resources from the EBI, Sanger Institute, NCBI and elsewhere.

We hold these courses at Wellcome Trust research centres, for example the Malawi-Liverpool Wellcome Trust I visited recently, which are fantastic investments by the Wellcome Trust in research around the world. Participants travel from all over the continent to attend the course; attendance is free (with selection) and the Wellcome Trust can even fund travel bursaries. It is a great privilege for me to be able to travel to these locations and to teach them all about Ensembl.

Group photograph

The group from the Open Door Workshop at the Malawi-Liverpool Wellcome Trust. Featuring instructors me (seated, second from left), Jane Loveland (Sanger Institute; seated, middle), Rob Finn (EBI; back row, far left), Charlie Steward (Sanger Institute; back row, middle) and Matt Clark (TGAC; back row, second from right). Photo by Heidi Hauser (Wellcome Trust Advanced Courses).

I am proud to present Ensembl to these workshops participants. Partly because I think it’s an amazing resource that can really facilitate research. Partly because we give it away for free, and I know this makes a huge difference to researchers whose labs are not well funded. Even in labs with £1 million grants, money is always tight, but for many of the people who attend our workshops, labs struggle with knackered PCR machines, ghost equipment that they can’t afford to buy the reagents to use and a complete reliance on Open Access publishing as they can’t pay for journal subscriptions, yet they still manage to produce world-class science. If they had to choose between replacing those broken machines and a pay-per-use or subscription-only bioinformatics resource, it would really be a no-brainer. But by giving them a free resource means they don’t have to make that choice. Indeed, it gives them the opportunity to carry out research that doesn’t need any expensive equipment or reagents.

The Wellcome Trust is one of the major funders of Ensembl. We are so grateful to them for allowing us to make our data freely available, so that everybody can make use of it. It really is a privilege.

Do you have an Ensembl account? If not, why not?

Maybe you think you have to pay for it. Maybe you think you’ll be joining up to a mailing list that will spam you relentlessly. Maybe you didn’t know we have accounts, or you don’t know what you get from them.

Quick reassurance: they’re free and there are no emails, annoying or otherwise – we promise. You now know we have them, but what can they do for you?

The two main perks are saving and sharing. Keep reading to learn more.


The bookmark this page button

Found an interesting page? Bookmark it.

All kinds of data can be saved to your user account, including bookmarks, configurations and your own custom data. Once saved to your account, you can open them from any computer you use, allowing you to access them at work, at home or from a public computer.

Favourite genomes are zebra finch, duck, chicken, turkey and flycatcher.

If you work with birds, why not have avian genomes on your homepage?

You can bookmark any Ensembl page, such as your gene of interest, a variant page or a genomic region. This allows you to jump back to these pages quickly and easily. You can even customise the Ensembl homepage to feature your preferred species.

Many Ensembl pages, such as Region in Detail, can be configured to view your features of interest. These configurations can be saved to your account, so that you can easily change a view to how you want it. This is especially useful if there are a few different ways you like to look at a view and want to switch between them. If there are lots of views you like to look at, you can make sets of these configurations. A set has one configuration for one view in Ensembl, and another configuration for another view. For example you could create a regulation set for a particular cell line, so that for every view with regulation data available, the data for that cell line would be shown.

Region and sequence views configured to show variation data

I’ve configured all these pages to show variation data, and saved it as a configuration set.

There are many ways to upload your own data to Ensembl, whether it’s custom data tracks in the Region in Detail page, BLAST/BLAT searches or variation data using the VEP. All of these data can be saved to your account, allowing you to go back to them at any time.

Table of previous VEP analyses

All of my VEP uploads are saved to my account, so I can go back to them at any time.


If you can save it, you can share it.

You can share views by sending your colleagues and collaborators email links, but Ensembl accounts makes this even easier. If other members of your team have Ensembl accounts, you can create a group. Now anything that you’ve saved to your account (bookmarks, configurations and custom data) can be shared with the group, and all members of the group can access it via their accounts. This is great for working collaboratively on projects (especially long-distance collaborations), standardising analysis in a lab and getting new group members started.

How to do it

Get started right now by clicking on the Login/Register link that you’ll see at the top right of any Ensembl page to set up your account and explore the links you’ll find.

The Login/Register link in Ensembl.

The Login/Register link in Ensembl.

If you get stuck on any of this, there’s a help page on using accounts here.